V6NetHandle: NET6-2600-6-FF01-8000-1 OrgID: SAP-49 Parent: NET6-2600-2 NetName: SPRINT-AKRON-POP NetRange: 2600:6:FF01:8000:: - 2600:6:FF01:8FFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF NetType: reassignment RegDate: 2017-10-13 Updated: 2017-10-13 Source: ARIN OrgID: SAP-49 OrgName: Sprint Akron POP CanAllocate: Street: Sprint Akron POP City: Akron State/Prov: OH Country: US PostalCode: 44304 RegDate: 2013-12-05 Updated: 2013-12-05 OrgAdminHandle: SIE-ARIN OrgAbuseHandle: SIE-ARIN OrgTechHandle: SIE-ARIN Source: ARIN
IP address ranges, or netblocks, are groups of related IP addresses. They are usually represented as a base IP address, followed by a slash, and then a netmask which represents how many IP addresses are contained within the netblock. This format is known as CIDR. You'll also sometimes see netblocks given as a start ip address, and an end ip address, or an ip address range.
Traffic works its way around the internet based on the routing table, which contains a list of networks and their associated netblocks.